The mining policy of 1996 and the mining act of 1997 laid out a 2530year vision that would see the sectors contribution to gdp grow. It created the tanzania mineral audit agency, an autonomous agency, under the ministry of energy and minerals in 2009. The government has sought to expand electricity production with participation of the private sector. Ole naiko, former president of the tanzanian investment centre and current executive director of stesta consul.
The latest indicators on economic performance of tanzania, presented to parliament in june 2001 reveal that the sectors contribution to total gdp in the year 2000 is 2. Tanzanias mining sector and its implications for the countrys. Tanzania has the ambition to make the mining industry account for 10% or more of gdp by 2025. The extractive industries contribute approximately 1% of total government revenue in tanzania. The first mining policy was introduced in tanzania in 1996, aiming to transform the nascent industry into a robust privateled sector. Tnrfs mission is to bring together diverse stakeholders and improve communication and understanding between them to secure consensus and better management of natural resources so that people are able to make a living and the resources are protected and made sustainable. Mining weekly covers realtime news on mining projects across a range of minerals including gold, platinum, diamonds, copper and ferrous metals. Foreign direct investment impact on tanzania mining sector. This case study analyzes the role, structure and composition of the agency, and discusses the. Mining and quarrying activities in tanzania contributed 3. Corporate social responsibility of mining industries by. Mineral royalty was the largest revenue stream in fiscal year 20152016 36% of government revenues from extractives, while. Managing natural resources for sustainable growth and. Mining in tanzania started as far back as the precolonial era.
Tanzania, gas, liquefied natural gas, mining, energy generation. Pdf an examination of some key issues on legal and policy. Based on tanzanias development vision 2025 plan, the mining sector is expected to account for 10% of the gdp by that year. The role of mining sector in economic development and. We aim to keep our clients abreast of developments in the sector as they happen and if you have any questions on the issues raised above please contact us using the details provided. Mining companies in tanzania including dar es salaam, arusha, and more. Econometric analysis of fdi in the mining sector to. Mining industry marketspecific solutions siemens global. Tanzania approved two laws that enable the government to renegotiate contracts with mining and energy companies as the state seeks a greater share of revenue from natural resources. Econometric analysis of fdi in the mining sector to tanzanias export capacity johansein rutaihwa policy research for development repoa, tanzania aneth simwela ministry of industry and trade mit, tanzania abstract this study concentrated in examining the role fdi in the mining sector to tanzanias export capacity during 19892009.
Neither company was aware of any reasons for the notice, said semafo, which has assets in burkina faso. Accordingly, the policy is based on the following vision and mission. As of march 2015, there are now 56 licensed banks and other financial institutions in tanzania compared to the 38 that was present during 2009. This meant that the electricity demand of 879 mw could not be met. Tanzania passes laws enabling renegotiation of mining. Section 4 describes the mining sector in tanzania, the legislative framework from the late 1970s up until today, and some core facts on largescale mines and local content. Resource nationalism and local content in tanzania. Tanzania, outpacing the growth of any other economic sector. Miningspecific solutions from electrical to digital solutions as one of the major suppliers of the global mining industry, we offer a comprehensive solutions portfolio that enables you to effectively meet your challenges at each process stage, from extraction to transportation and beneficiation. Section 3 briefly examines the literature on resource nationalism and local content with a focus on experiences in subsaharan africa. Tanzania minerals export minerals export accounted for usd 1. Official pdf, 151 pages world bank documents world bank group. Tanzania mining with the rebirth of the gold industry, in 1999, gold has dominated the mineral industry in tanzania, and was expected to grow substantially in the near future.
The contribution of the mining sector to socioeconomic and. Tanzanias vision for the next 10 years for the mineral sector is to have a strong, vibrant, wellorganized large and smallscale mining industry conducted in a safe. This brief examines the factors that have influenced local content in the tanzanian mining sector, and some of the challenges and successes of local content initiatives in mining. A perth lawyer specialising in international mining law has delivered a dire assessment of legislation introduced in tanzania last week. Historically, the mining industry has taken a devil may care attitude to the impacts of its operations. Tanzanias new laws risk mining investment the west. Since 2000, mining has been the fastest growing sector in tanzania with an average annual growth rate of about 15%, the largest recipient of foreign investment, and the largest contributor to the countrys exports accounting for 48. One was the decision in the late 1980s to end the state mining company. Historically, there has been limited external pressure on mining companies in tanzania to increase local content. We operate a modern fleet of remotearea drilling, sample extraction rigs, including both track and truck mounted rigs and earthworks.
Tanzanias mining sector is the countrys most important foreign exchange earner. Regardless of this export growth, tanzania remains one of the poorest countries per capita in the world. The studys objective was to support the socioeconomic development program of the government of orissa by helping to analyze and formulate practical strategies for strengthening an institutional and regulatory framework with respect to managing the environmental and social impacts of investments in the mining and industry sectors. Mining companies in tanzania add your free listing. A strong, vibrant, wellorganized private sector was envisioned to enable this process. Pdf due to the economic hardships tanzania has been undergoing since the early. After a decade of private investment in the mining sector, the tanzanian government reacted to persistently low revenue collection by investing resources in auditing capacity. Tanzania also has two largescale mines that produce diamonds and tanzanite, valued in 20 at.
Tanzania extractive industries transparency initiative. Although mining in tanzania initially focused around gold, today the biggest projects include various minerals such as magnetite, chlorite, ilmenite, and pyrite with some of these mining projects, such as the liganga mining project, valued at up to zar6, 8 billion recent mining in tanzania has seen the country become the third largest gold producer in africa after south africa and ghana. Between 1997 and 2006, tanzania exported more than usd 2. As of 2011, there were 50,000 artisanal miners involved in the mining of colored gemstones. Emerging socioeconomic and political conflicts in tanzania. Changes to tanzanian mining legislation graphex mining limited asx. In the last decade, the country has witnessed growth in mining sector with reputable mining companies e. The extractive resource industry in tanzania heinrichbollstiftung. Gold is by far the most important product, with five gold mines currently operating. The natural wealth and resources contract act was proposed to provide a way for. Strengthening the geological survey of tanzania gst.
On 10 january 2018, the minister responsible for mining in tanzania mainland tanzania issued the mining local content regulation, 2018 gn. The mineral sector policy of the united republic of tanzania provides a written declaration of the framework of policy objectives and statements that will guide the government and stakeholders in the management of the mineral sector on a sustainable basis. In 2011, the contribution of the mining sector to the economy rose by 2. Mining in tanzania was being reformed as a priority economic sector, targeted to grow to 10% of gdp from 1. Extractive sector revenues has declined in the last years, with usd 228 million having been collected in fiscal year 201516, down from usd 754 million in 201415. Local content has gradually gained momentum over the last ten years, both among government bodies, companies, and.
Marwa this paper assesses the challenges that are posed to the new mining law and other regulations that govern the mining sector in tanzania. It was estimated that, in 2010, tanzanias electricity generation capacity was 887 mw of which 660 mw was available on the national grid. Most of this growth can be attributed to the strong performance in production and sale of gold. Tanzania is one of africas most mineralrich countries. The main issues discussed in this paper include the conflicts between the local. Because of significant exploration successes and government investment incentives, tanzanias mining sector has been playing an increasingly important role in the economy.
Tanzaniafrom mining to oil and gas unuwider united nations. Tanzanias mineral sector has experienced a boom that coincided with high and stable economic growth. The changes in the laws were passed by parliament in the week ending. The mineral policy of 1997 provided a plan for development strategies for the mineral sector in tanzania. Amazon drilling limited ilala, kipawa dar es salaam amazon drilling is a drilling specialist and mine earthworks contractor based in tanzania.
The results were included in a report recently issued by the tanzanian national bureau of statistics nbs, covering the countrys gdp performances q2 2016 gdp. The mineral sector expanded rapidly following the mineral policy reforms of 1997. Barrick gold, ashanti anglogold, and resolute investing in largescale mines. Challenges posed on the new mining act and its regulations in tanzania charles w. The government of tanzania has, in recent years, focused on revitalizing its mining sector in order to attract foreign investment, with the goal of raising its contribution to tanzanias gross domestic product. Conflict resolution and human security in the 2005 elections, university of dar es salaam, tanzania. Gpx graphex or the company provides an update on proposed legislative changes with respect to the legal and regulatory framework governing the natural resources sector in tanzania the proposed legislation.24 629 1440 930 814 1433 54 1091 1471 8 29 1390 611 1345 133 376 307 1134 330 583 1038 475 1147 731 1314 1350 1418 971 1326 380 61 39 1310 1122 308 1383 1456 1312 226 1281 488 6